Hyperpigmentation is characterized by dark spots and/ or larger dark patches. Heredity and sun exposure are both very important in the role of pigmentation. Since darker skin produces more melanin, it is also more prone to hyperpigmentation. Sun damage, inflammation, skin injuries (including post-acne inflammation), as well as hormonal changes, can contribute to dark spots. Products that treat hyperpigmentation address excess melanin, and exfoliating products like Alpha Hydroxy Acids help to break up surface pigment to promote an even skin tone. Make sure to use a broad-spectrum sunscreen and limit your sun exposure to best maintain brightening results. Often triggered by UV light exposure, a wound, illness, hormonal changes, or certain drugs, this darkening of the skin might appear as a uniform tan, melasma (patches of discoloration), or an isolated acne scar. Hyperpigmentation is the darkening of an area of skin or nails caused by increased melanin.
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